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See the ancient Roman Bremenium

High Rochester

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Nestling in the ruins of a Roman outpost

Bremenium in Northumberland National Park.

The Bremenium near High Rochester

The Roman fort of Bremenium’s name means “the place on the roaring stream”. It was the most important outpost north of Hadrian’s Wall. It could warn of attacks from the north.

It also guarded the Dere Street, the Roman’s easterly route into Scotland, and a road running east to the Devil’s Causeway. As well as garrisoned soldiers, there were also scouts known as ‘explorates’.

Originally, there would have been earth and turf ramparts, a wooden fort and an outer ditch. The fort was rebuilt in stone later. From the west gate, you can see the larger outline of a large temporary camp on the far side of the Sills Burn.


This small hamlet in the upper reaches of Redesdale nestles within the ruined ramparts of a Roman outpost.

Horsley Church, Rochester, in Northumberland National Park.

Horsley Church in High Rochester.

There are also two bastles still used as dwellings in High Rochester, and a couple of ruined cottages of uncertain date, as well as farm buildings and holiday cottages.

What’s on offer

  • Accommodation.
  • Bremenium walk.

Camien Café

The café is in Rochester on A68. The last café in England opens Tuesday to Sunday.

This small family-owned business offers home cooked food as well as hosting the local Post Office.

There is a wide selection of tourist information including the Otterburn range firing times.

The café is open Tuesday to Sunday. Accommodation is available.

Getting There

Car: From the A1, follow the A696 to High Rochester.

  • The Bremenium is built to a pattern standard throughout the Roman Empire.
  • This meant that troops would be familiar with the layout, no matter where they were stationed.
Point of Interest

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Planning in the National Park

Northumberland National Park Authority is the statutory Planning Authority for the area of the Northumberland National Park. View our planning pages here.

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