In the 7th Century, the palace of King Edwin of Northumbria and his successors was at Gefrin, near Kirknewton.
Bede mentions it as the spot where Bishop Paulinus baptised Christian converts in the River Glen in 627 AD.
No one knew its exact location until 1949, when an archaeology professor taking aerial photos spotted crop marks.
Excavations in the 1950s and 1960s revealed a huge complex of great timber halls of more than 26 metres in length.
There were kitchens, a timber grandstand, a weaving shed and a ‘Great Enclosure’ to pen in cattle or horses. Look out for the monument on the northern side of the Wooler to Kirknewton road.
Did you know?
It is recorded that King Arthur’s first battle happened at the mouth of the River Glen. But is it the River Glen in Lincolnshire or the River Glen in Northumberland?
Yeavering Bell is a hill on the very edge of the Cheviot Hills.
On it lie the remains of the largest Iron Age hillfort in the region.
The tumbled stone rampart would originally have been two-and-a-half metres high and more than three metres thick.
Within it, you can see the platforms of more than one hundred timber-built roundhouses and an inner fort excavated out of the rock.
Although historians have traditionally thought hillforts were built for defence, there are clues to more symbolic uses.
For example, is it a coincidence that the main entrance lines up with Hedgehope Hill?
Every day, a fraction before noon, the residents of the fort could look through the entrance and see the sun at just about its highest point of the day directly over Hedgehope.
The permissive route from Old Yeavering to Yeavering Bell Hillfort – shown by the orange dashes on the below map will be closed on the following dates:
Did you know?
Yeavering Bell means ‘goat hill’ in Middle English.
If you’re lucky you might catch a glimpse of the elusive herd of wild goats that still graze the area.
Car: Follow the A1 and A697 to B6351 in Northumberland, then head along that road to Yeavering Bell.