Harbottle : Selected Sources And Surveys
Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (Cal IPM)
Includes all indexed references from or relating to Harbottle.
1. Sir Gilbert de Umfranville, Earl of Angus. 30 April 29 Henry III (1245); Cal IPM vol I, no. 49; the fuller text in CalDocScot i, no.1667 is reproduced here.
There are in the manors of Hyrbottle, 408 acres of land and 3 roods, whereof each is worth yearly 5d; total, 10l 3s 7_d. Also there are 80 acres of meadow [and] 18½ acres, whereof each of 20 is worth yearly 6d, and of 78½, each is worth yearly 2d; total thereof, 23s 1d. Also there are two mills there, worth yearly 17l 11s 4d. Also a burgus (borough) returning by the year with grazing, 4l 12s. Also the jurors say there are within the manor of Otterburne in demesne, 168½ acres and 1 rood, whereof each is worth yearly . . .
Also there are in the said vills (of Otterburn and Alwinton) 2 bracinagia (brewhouses) worth yearly 25s. . . . .
Also (in the manors of Redesdale and Coquetdale) there is pasture for 1140 sheep, worth 111s 8d. Also the pasture for mares is worth 12l. Also they say regarding the cow pastures, 1400 [acres?], 900 of which are worth 4d and 500 worth 2d - that the total is 23l; besides Hollesden, worth 2 marks. Also the forges there render iron, worth yearly 4l 2s. Also the wards there are worth yearly, 18s 4d. Also there are six entire knights' fees, and one sixth of a knight.
Also they say that the monks of Novi Monasterii (Newminster) hold three granges (in the liberty of Redesdale and the barony of Prudhoe) viz., Tolland, Fyleton and Ruhehope (Rowhope) and pay yearly 12l.
2. Gilbert de Umframvill alias Dunfranvyl, Earl of Angus, alias Denegus. Whelpington, 13 Oct., 1 Edward II (1308); vol. V; no. 47
"Redesdale ...with the liberty, in which is the castle of Hirbotell (extent given), including a borough called Hirbotell, a capital messuage at Oterburn, a park nearly a league in circuit, and free tenants in Ellesden, all held freely of the king in chief by service of defending the same from wolf and robber.
Alwenton, 200a arable and 10a. Meadow, the lordship of the ten towns of Alwenton, Clonhill, Bydellesden, Angreham, Fuadon, Ryhill, Scharberton, Nodirton, Boroudon, and Thirnum, which rendered nothing to the earl but knight's service and suit at his court of Hirbotell, and two water-mills, all held of the heirs of Vesci in chief of the barony of Alnewyck by service of 2 knights' fees, and doing suit at the court of Alnewyck.
Robert his son, aged 30 and more, is his next heir".
3. Robert de Umframvill, alias de Umfraunvill, Dumframvill, late Earl of Angus. 10 May, 18 Edward II (1325); vol VI, no. 607.
Redesdale Liberty (extent given), inluding the site of the castle of Hirbotil and lands woods and rents in [Redesheved, Herlessyde], Spithope [Nuthope], Cotynghopp, Suleshop [Kyneshope], Yerdhopp, Carwyk, Coketmore, Mickelwanges, Little Wodbourn, Wolrych and Helvesdon.
Helvesden [alias Ellesden]. A messuage and a carucate of land, held by John son of William by service of one twentieth of a knight's fee and 1d yearly; a messuage and a carucate of land, held by William de Sok . . . . (?) by service of one fortieth of a knight's fee and suit of court; and a messuage and a carucate of land, held by Gilbert de Caprewyk (?) by service of one twentieth of a knight's fee, 5s 2d rent, and suit of court.
All held of the king in chief by service of keeping the liberty of Redesdale from robbers and wolves.
Schirmundesdene [alias Shirmunden]. The manor (extent given).
Alwenton. Four bondages and 4 cottages, all wasted by the Scots.
Faudon. The manor (extent given).
Clenyl. The manor held by Thomas Clenyl by service of ½ knight's fee, 6s 8d for guard of the castle of Alnewyk and 15d for cornage.
Bedilsden [alias Bitelsden]. A moiety of the manor held by Robert de la Vale by service of ½ knight's fee, 6s 8d [alias 3s 4d] for guard of the said castle, 40d [alias 15d] for cornage, and suit at the court of Schirmundesden.
Borouden. The manor, held by John de Borouden by service of a knight's fee, 13s 4d for guard of the said castle, and 15d cornage.
Nedderton. A moiety of the manor held by Henry son of John by service of ½ knight's fee, and 15d for cornage.
Thirnom. A moiety of the manor held by John de Horseley by service of 7½d; and the other moiety held by Hugh de Raymyngton and Joan his wife by service of 7½d and 1lb pepper, price 18d, yearly.
Angram [alias Angraham] (Ingram). The manor held by John de Laybourn by service of ½ knight's fee, and 15d for cornage.
[Foxden and] Scharperton. Four messuages and a carucate of land, held by Gilbert de Borouden by service of ¼ knight's fee
All held (of the king in chief?) as of the barony of Alnewyk by service of . . . . yearly.
4. Robert de Umframvyll, or de Humframvyll, late Earl of Angus. 13 July, 5 Edward III (1331); vol. VII; no. 390
(Reopened inquest in connection with dispute over the size of the dower awarded to Eleanor, wife of Robert, cf. no.3 above).
Herbotel. The castle (extent given), including 6a. Land called 'Ramshalgh', and a borough in which are divers free tenants rendering 53s. 10d. yearly for the said borough, held with divers lands and tenements underwritten, within the liberty of Redesdale.
5. Stephen de Bolton, deest. 25 Edward III; vol. IX; no. 684. Northumberland. Herbotell
6. Eleanor late the wife of Robert de Umframvyll, knight. 8 May, 42 Edward III (1368); vol. XII; no. 250
"Alwynton. 5 messuages, 5 husband-lands and a cottage in the hands of tenants at will rendering 22s. Yearly, held in dower of Henry de Percy, as of the manor of Alnewyk by knight's service".
"Wolrig by Herbotill. A messuage and a bovate of land, held in dower".
7. Gilbert de Umframville, earl of Angus. Northumberland. 4 Richard II (1380); xv; no. 434
He was seised of the castle of Herbotill and manor of Otterburn... with the late king's licence to him and heirs of his body, with successive remainders in tail male to ... (his brothers).
8. Thomas Umframvill. Northumberland. 25 May, 10 Richard II (1387); vol. XVI; no. 470
He was seised of Hyrbotyll castle and two thirds of the manor by virtue of a fine levied in the king's court. The other third held by Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, and Maud his wife, by endowment of Gilbert de Umfravyll, earl of Anguse, sometime husband of the said Maud. The premises are worth only 100s. A year because of the war and the destruction and burning by the Scots.
9. Thomas Umframvill, knight. Northumberland. 1 April, 14 Richard II (1390/1); vol. XVI; no. 1043
Hirbotill. The castle and two thirds of the manor of Otyrburn held of the king in chief by knight's service. They are worth only 10 marks yearly due to the war and destruction and burnings formerly done by the Scots.
10. Robert Horsle, knight. 14 Jan., 15 Richard II (1392); vol. XVII; no. 56
"Caldton... in Redesdale, held of Gilbert Umframvill...by homage and fealty, and by service of rendering 4d. yearly for ward of the castle of Hirbotill".
11. Maud wife of Henry earl of Northumberland. 10 March, 22 Richard II (1398); XVII; no. 1246
Died seised of various places, including:
Oterburn. The manor, with divers places, scalings and wastes, to wit, ......21s. 2d. rent from Herbotle.....
"All the lands etc. In Redesdale are held of the king in chief by knight's service.
Shirmondesden in Cokdale. A third part of the demense lands of the manor, to wit, 100acr. land (i.e. ploughland) towards the east and 26 acr. meadow, a third part of the park and of 2 water-mills, 3s. 11d. rent of assize, 2s. 4d. castle ward, 1 lb. Pepper and 1lb cummin from three husbandlands in Alwenton, three cottages there and a third part of a pasture called Butterland, held of Henry earl of Northumberland by knight's service".
12. Gilbert Umfravile - Writ for proof of age. 28 Jan., 1412; vol. XIX; no. 1005
Born at Harbottle castle and baptise Thomas Umframvill d in Harbottle church.
Proof includes: John Lysle, 44 and more, was building a new house at Harbottle that day.
13. Robert Tailbois, Knight. 30 May, 10 Henry VII (1495), Cal IPM Hen VII, vol. I; no. 971
Properties inherited by George Tailboys from his father include:
The castle of Herbotell, which is worth nothing yearly.
Also details the Manor of Oterburn, also worth nothing, and various pastures, messuages, tofts, Ellesdon church, Halistane abbey, etc., most of which are worth little or nothing due to their situation in the Marches.
"All the lands and tenements which are within the bounds of the said castle and manor are said to be and are within the liberty of Riddisdale".
Various obligations are also inherited, including:
(5) a fair at Herbotell within Ridesdale on the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Yearly, with court of piepowder, and (6) a market on Tuesdays weekly there,..."
14. Thomas Grey, Knight. Commission and Inquisition. 13 Henry VII (1498), Cal IPM Hen VII, vol. III; no. 10
Properties inherited by Ralph Grey, his son, include the following manors:
- Alneham, worth 10l.
- Chirmundsden, or Chirmundisd', worth 5 marks.
- Bitlisdon, or Butlisden, worth 10l.
- Clenhill, worth 100s.
- Nedirton, worth 10 marks.
- Buereweton, or Burueton, worth 20 marks.
- Allenton, or Alwenton, worth 5 marks.
- Hetton, or Heton, worth 10 marks.
- Ambell, worth 10l.
- Sharperton, worth 100s.
- Thirnam, or Thitnum, worth 10 marks.
1604 Border Survey - Manor of Harbottle
Demeanes (op. cit., 105-6)
Sir Henry Witherington, Kt, houldeth the Castle of Harbotle, with the deeanes therunto belonging, parte wherof lyeth in in Ridsdale and parte in Cubedale; the ancient yearly rent whereof is £21 16s 6d
Rydsdale One ould castle, much decayed, the seate whereof, with haugh adjoininge,conteyneth 50 acres; Rate - 2s; Yearly value £5
The forest of Whilke Wood conteyneth 1336 acres; Rate 4d; Yearly value £222 13s 4d
Cubedale The east part conteyneth, being of the parke 200 acres; Rate 18d; Yearly value £15
Shermington, sometymes a townshippe, 820 acres; Rate 12d; Yearly value £41.
Total 14430 acres; Yearly value £283, 13s, 4d
All which hee holdeth during pleasur by virtue of his office
Persivall Potte houldeth Harbotle Cragg and payeth yearlie rent for the same - 3s 4d
The particular: The digginge of millstones on Harbottle Crag; the value per annum - £10
Which he claymeth to houlde by custome
(Land and tithes associated with 'the late dissolved Abbey of Hallistones')
John Wainebye holdeth one water corne mill standinge upon the water of the Cockatt, and payeth yearly rent for the same - 40s
One water corne mill; the valewe per annum is - £13 6s 8d
(Compare no. 11 above – Cal IPM xvii, no.1246 (1398), for itemisation of the third of desmesne lands in Shirmundesden held in dower by Maud, widow of Gilbert de Umfraville III)
Freeholders - Burgage lande (1604 Survey, 91)
3 acres meadow
17 acres arable
|Harbottle||Nicholas Turmble||1s 4d||1 house||2 roods arable|
|Harbottle||Thomas Smith||4s 4d||
1 acre meadow
6 acres arable
|Harbottle||Thomas Gibson jun||3s 1d||2 houses||
2 roods meadow
1 acre arable
|Harbottle||Nicholas Smith||5s ½d||3 houses||
2 roods meadow
1 acre 2 roods arable
|Harbottle||Laurence Edgarr||1s 5d||1 house||2 roods arable|
|Harbottle||Robert Swann||5s 4d||
|6 acre 2 roods arable|
|Harbottle||Cuthbert Browne||6s 6d||3 houses||11 acres 2 roods arable|
|Harbottle||Peter Edgarr||2s 1d||1 house||3 acres arable|
|Harbottle||William Gibson||1s 10d||1 house||4 acres arable|
|Andrew Rutherford||3s 6½d||
3 acres meadow
6 acres arable
|George Carr||1s 6d||1 house||2 roods arable|
|John Rutherford||3s 2d||1 house||
2 roods meadow
5 acres meadow
|John Hetherington||2s 4d||1 house||2 acres arable|
|George Wilkinson||4d||1 house||2 acres arable|
|The Peale||John Waibie||2s 2d||1 house||2 acres arable|
|Sum Total||£2 12s 1d||
9 acres meadow
69 acres arable
24 acres pasture
1 rd total
Common proportionable is 700 acres
MEMORANDUM. The Towne of Harbotle was sometymes a market towne, and the tenants, ther inhabitinge, clayme to be free burgers and to hould their tenements in as free a sorte as the freehoulders doe their land; who paye one years rent uppon every alienation as the freehoulders do.
(op. cit., 109)
BURGHERS There are in Harbottle: Tenants - 23; Rent - £2 12s 1d; Quantity - 102 acres, 700 acr common etc.
1604 Border Survey – 'Survaie of the tenn townes in Cubedale'
|Township||Descent||No Of Tenants||Rent||Quantitie||Rate||Value|
Charington sometimes a township
and nowe used as a demeane to
Harbotle and therin valued