The Parks rich history
The historic environment is the physical remains of past human activity, whether visible or buried known or yet to be discovered, the product of human interaction with the landscape and nature over thousands of years.
This includes archaeology, from prehistory to the present day and historic buildings and structures, which include grand country houses to the distinctive bastles of the Border Reivers, historic villages, farmhouses, barns, workers cottages, limekilns, milestones and boundary stones. Together they are part of the historic landscape, shaped by the interaction of people with nature. It is part of a rich cultural heritage, gives meaning to place and is given meaning by people, often inspired by nature, it inspires culture. It is an indelible part of our human story, best understood at a landscape scale, and is highly regarded and valued by communities and visitors alike, providing attractive places to live, work and visit.
People have lived, worked, explored and played in the Northumberland National Park for thousands of years, leaving a rich legacy of settlement, agriculture and pastoralism, industry, religion and belief. From the stone tools, rock art and hillforts of people in prehistory, the Roman frontier, medieval farms and fields and Tudor strongholds to historic villages and country houses, the evidence for people in the past is everywhere and has shaped the identity of people today.